Themes: (1) flexibility in layout, instruction, and assessment, (2) collaboration in and out of classroom facilitated by tech, (3) allowing for student input, i.e., changing the lesson plan, (4) differentiation and alternate ways to show learning; teaching to a variety of outcomes, (5) reflection to make learning visible

- Learning should be like a choose your own adventure book
- Teachers need to super-know learning but be flexible with content knowledge.

Space (Physical Environment):
The learning space should be very flexible to allow for quiet reflection, noisy group work, and lots of moving around. There should be ample technology to allow student to connect with each other, the teacher, and the world around them. Furniture should be comfortable and with flip up side-desk so they can be moved out of the way as needed. Since the furniture is mobile, groups and configurations can constantly change.


Clear direction at the beginning of the lesson on what skills and ideas are being looked for
Empowering students to know what the goal is and how to get there
Teacher as guide

Portfolio with list of goals – closed initially and then open to parents at the end of the term

Reflection at the end of each section
Teacher comments after reflection

Student-to-student reflection
Technology allows for authentic audiences and shared learning.


Instruction is a collaborative process between the students and the teacher. The class is aware of the final goal before they begin the pursuit toward it. The teacher might orchestrate lessons on the process of learning like asking questions, developing a learning progression; however, his/her main role will be to guide and help clarify students’ self-directed learning. Students will devise questions, find resources to help answer them, and determine ways in which they can prove and demonstrate their learning. Out of desk learning is prominent.Testing can be used formatively to guide instruction, but not label or judge students.

With the flexible furniture and space, students can work together. This collaboration must continue outside of school through the use of blogs and social bookmarking, so school becomes less of a competition. Ideas and resources can be shared easily through technology and within the classroom.